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MUZHUSHENGCHANDEMUDESHISHENGCHANSHULIANGDUO、GETIZHONGDA、JIANKANGLIANGHAODEZIZHU。ZAIMUZHUSHULIANGYIDINGDETIAOJIANXIA,MUZHUDEFENMIANLVZHIJIEYINGXIANGZIZHUDESHENGCHANSHULIANG。TIGAOMUZHUDEFENMIANLV,JIUNENGTIGAOZIZHUDESHENGCHANSHULIANG。

  YI、FENMIANLVDEGAINIAN

  ZAITONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIAMUZHUDEFENMIANLVKEYONGYIXIAFANGFAJISUAN:

  FENMIANLV(%)=FENMIANMUZHUSHU/PEIZHONGMUZHUSHU×100

  GENJUYIGEZHUCHANGPINGJUNFENMIANLVDEGAODI,WOMENKEYILEJIEGAIZHUCHANGFANZHIZHUQUNDEXIAOLV。YIGEZHUCHANGKEYIJIESHOUDEFENMIANLVZHIBIAOSHUZHISHIDUOSHAONI?YIBANRENWEIMUBIAOFENMIANLV:QUANQUN85-90%,TOUTAIMUZHU75-85%,JINGCHANMUZHU85-95%,XINZHUCHANG75%。

  DUIYUYINSIWANG、JIBINGHUOBOXINGDAOZHIGAOTAOTAILVDEZHUQUNLAISHUO,KEYONG“JIAOZHENGFENMIANLV”LAIJIAOZHENGFEIZHUDONGTAOTAISHU。

  JIAOZHENGFENMIANLV=FENMIANMUZHUSHU/(PEIZHONGMUZHUSHU-FEIFANZHIYUANYINTAOTAIMUZHU)×100

  ER、YINGXIANGFENMIANLVDEYINSU

  YIBANRENWEI,DIFENMIANLVWENTISHIYINSHOUTAISHIBAIHUORENSHENSHIBAIZAOCHENGDE。PEIZHONGSHIBAISHUYUCHANGGUIFANQING,RENSHENSHIBAISHIFEICHANGGUIFANQING。

  (YI)SHOUTAISHIBAI

  SHOUTAISHIBAISHIYOUJINGZIWEINENGSHIPAICHUDELUANSHOUJINGZAOCHENGDE。RUTU1SUOSHI,XUDUOYINSUDOUKEZAOCHENGSHOUTAISHIBAI。SHOUTAISHIBAIKEKANCHENGSHIPEIZHONGHOU18-24TIANHUO39-45TIANSHIZHONGXINFAQING(CHANGGUIFANQING)DEMUZHUBILIZENGGAO。18-24TIANFANQINGYU39-45TIANFANQINGDEBILVYUEWEI5:1。ZHEIYIBILIGAOYU5:1ZEBIAOMINGFAQINGJIANDINGZUODEFEICHANGHAO,DADUOSHUDIYICIFANQINGDOUBEIJIANCHU。

  (ER)RENSHENSHIBAI

  RENSHENSHIBAIKEFASHENGZAISHOUJINGZHIHOUDERENHESHIHOU(SHOUJINGFASHENGZAISHOUCIPEIZHONGHOU24XIAOSHIDESHIHOU)。RUGUORENSHENSHIBAIFASHENGZAIRENSHEN35TIANZHIQIAN,NEIMESIWANGDEPEITAITONGCHANGBEIJITIXISHOU,YINERRENSHENSHIBAIKENENGKANBUDAO。SHOUJINGLUANXINGCHENGDEPEITAIZAIZUICHU12-14TIANNEI,SHIZIYOUPIAOFUZAIZIGONGNEIDE。DAORENSHEN12-14TIANZUOYOUSHI,PEITAISHIDANGFENKAIPAILIEZAIZHENGGEZIGONGZHONG,BINGQIEKAISHIZAIZIGONGNEIBIAOMIANFUZHE。FUZHEDEGUOCHENGYAODAOSHOUJINGHOU28TIANZUOYOUWANCHENG。YINCI,JIANYIZAIRENSHEN3-28TIANZHIJIANBUYAODUIMUZHUJINXINGHUNQUNHUOZHUANQUN。

  RENSHENSHIBAIKEKANCHENGSHIFEICHANGGUIFANQINGZENGJIA。CHANGGUIFANQINGYUFEICHANGGUIFANQINGDEBILVYINGWEI5:1HUOGENGGAO。KEJIANG21TIANFANQINGSHUJIASHANG42TIANFANQINGSHURANHOUCHUYIFEICHANGGUIFANQINGSHUERSUANCHUZHEIYIBILI。YINCI,MEI5CISHOUTAISHIBAI,JIUYOUYICIRENSHENSHIBAIDEQINGKUANG。

  SAN、YINGXIANGFENMIANLVDEZHUYAOYINSUFENXIJICUOSHI

  (YI)GONGZHUYINSU

  1、SHIYONGGUODU:GONGZHUSHIYONGGUODUDEZHIJIEHOUGUOSHIGONGZHUDEJINGYEBIANXI,BUCHENGSHUJINGZIBILISHENGGAO,JINGZIMIDUJIANGDI。CONGERHUONENGJINGZIJIANSHAO,JIANGDISHOUJINGNENGLI,ZAOCHENGPEIZHONGSHIBAI。YINCIGONGZHUMEIZHOUSHIYONGCISHUYINGZAI3-4CIHUOGENGSHAOYIXIE,JUTIQINGKUANGSHIGONGZHUDEYUELINGERDING。

  2、FANZHIZHANGAI:GONGZHUFANZHIZHANGAIZHUYAOTIXIANZAIGONGZHUSHENGZHIQIGUANYICHANGFAYU。SUIRANZAIGONGZHUXUANZESHI,YINGAO、DANGAOYIBEITAOTAI,DANSHIYINJINGDUANXIAODENGYINSUWANGWANGBURONGYIFAXIAN。CONGERZAOCHENGPEIZHONGSHIJINGYEBUNENGDAODASHOUJINGBUWEI,ZAOCHENGMUZHUBUNENGSHOUTAI。YOUXIEPITELANGONGZHUJIUHENRONGYIFASHENGCILEIXIANXIANG,CONGERZAOCHENGMUZHUBUNENGSHOUTAI。JIEJUEZHEILEIWENTIDEBANFASHITONGGUOJIANCHAJINGYEFAXIANBINGTAOTAIBUNENGCHANSHENGZHENGCHANGJINGYEDEGONGZHU,DUIYINJINGDUANXIAO、JINGYEZHILIANGZHENGCHANGDEGONGZHUCAIYONGRENGONGSHOUJINGDEFANGSHIPEIZHONG。

  3、JIBING:YOUHENDUOJIBINGKEWEIHAIGONGZHUDEJINGYEZHILIANGHEXINGYU。XIXIAOBINGDUBING、YINAOBINGDUBING、LANERBINGDENGJUNKEYANZHONGYINGXIANGGONGZHUDEJINGYEZHILIANG。

  4、WENDU:HUANJINGWENDUGUOGAO(>30℃)HUIJIANGDIGONGZHUDEXINGYUHEJINGYEZHILIANG。XIATIAN,GAOWENDUIGONGZHUDEYINGXIANGSHIRENSUOGONGZHIDE,QIZHIJIEHOUGUOSHIGONGZHUJINGYEZHONGSIJINGZIDEBAIFENLVTIGAO,CONGERSHISHOUTAILVJIANGDI,HAIHUIYINGXIANGDAOWOCHANZISHU。YINCIZAOWANLIANGSHUANGSHIPEIZHONGSHIJIAOHAODEXUANZE,YIBANZAIZAOCHEN6DIANQIAN,WAN4DIANYIHOUJINXINGBIJIAOHESHI。

  5、YINGYANG:GONGZHUYINGYANGBULIANGHUIJIANGDIXINGYU、JINGZIZHILIANGHESHEJINGLIANG。JINGZIDEXINGCHENGXUYAOYIGEGUOCHENG,CIGUOCHENGDAZHIXUYAO60TIANDESHIJIAN,SUOYIJINGYEZHONGJINGZIDEZHILIANGYU60TIANSHIGONGZHUDEYINGYANGHECIHOUDEYINGYANGQINGKUANGYOUJIAODADEGUANXI。YINCI,ZHUNBEI60TIANYIHOUSHIYONGDEGONGZHU,CONGXIANZAIQIJIUBIXUJIAQIANGSIYANG。

  (ER)MUZHUYINSU

  1、JIBINGFANGMIAN:YOUDUOZHONGJIBINGHUIJIANGDIMUZHUDEFANZHILIHESHOUTAILV,RUGOUDUANLUOXUANTIBING、ZHUXIXIAOBINGDUBING、ZHUFANZHIHEHUXIZONGHEZHENGYIJINIAOSHENGZHIDAOGANRAN(DACHANGGANJUNGANRAN,LIANQIUJUNGANRAN,BANGZHUANGGANJUNGANRAN)。YINCIYUFANGHEKONGZHIZHEIXIEJIBINGSHITIGAOFENMIANLVDEZHONGYAOCUOSHIZHIYI。

  2、BURUQIYINGYANG:BURUQIDEZHONGYAORENWUSHIBUYUZIZHU,YINGYANGGONGYINGSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE。ZHEISHIDEYINGYANGBUJINHUIDUIZIZHUDEFAYUYOUHENDADEYINGXIANG,ERQIEZHIJIEGUANXIDAODUANNAIHOUMUZHUDEPEIZHONGCHENGGONGLV。RUGUOBURUQIYINGYANGBULIANG,MUZHUGUOSHOU,FAQINGHUICHUXIANYICHANG,CONGERXIANZHUJIANGDIFENMIANLVHEXIAYITAIDEWOCHANZISHU。

  3、DUANNAIHOUMUZHUYINGYANG:DUANNAIHOUMUZHUNENGLIANGGONGYINGYAOCHONGZU,QIYINGYANGBUPINGHENGHUOBUZUHUISHIMUZHUPAILUANSHUJIANGDI,CONGERJIANGDISHOUTAILV,JINYIBUYINGXIANGDAOFENMIANLV。

  4、PEIZHONGSHIHERENSHENZAOQIHUANJINGWENDUGAO(>30℃)HUIJIANGDIFENMIANLV。SUOYI,QIWENCHAOGUO30℃SHI,YIDINGYAOJIMUZHUZENGJIAJIANGWENCUOSHI。

  5、PEIZHONGGUANLI:FAQINGJIANDINGDEXIAOLV、PEIZHONGSHIJIANDEQUEDINGYIJIPEIZHONGZHILIANG,DOUHUIYINGXIANGFENMIANLV。MEITIANZAOWANLIANGCIDEFAQINGJIANCHA,QUEDINGSHIDANGDEFAQINGSHIJIAN,CONGERBAOZHENGPEIZHONGDEZHILIANG。HOUBEIMUZHUPEIZHONGRILING、PEIZHONGTIZHONG、PEIZHONGSHIDEFAQINGQIDOUSHIBIXUGUANXINDESHIQING。YIBANLAISHUO,HOUBEIMUZHUPEIZHONGRILINGYAOZAI225TIANYIHOUJINXING,PEIZHONGTIZHONGYAOCHAOGUO110QIANKE,ZAIDISANFAQINGQIJINXINGPEIZHONG。ZHEISANGETIAOJIANYINGQUANBUJUBEI。YINCI,DUIHOUBEIZHULAISHUO,ZAIJINXINGFAQINGJIANCHASHITIGAOHOUBEIMUZHUFENMIANLVDEYOULICUOSHI。JUSHIYAN,HOUBEIMUZHUZAI165RILINGYIHOUJIUYINGJINXINGFAQINGGUANCHAJILU,BAOZHENGHOUBEIMUZHUZAIDISANQINGQIPEIZHONGHUIYOUJIAOGAODEFENMIANLV。

  6、DUANNAIDAOFAQINGDEJIANGETIANSHU:MUZHUDUANNAIHOU1TIANHE2TIANJIUFAQING,HUOZHE7TIANHUOGENGJIUYIHOUFAQING,FENMIANLVTONGCHANGDOUJIAODI。JIANYIMUZHUDUANNAIHOU1TIANHE2TIANFAQINGDECUOHOUYIGEFAQINGQIPEIZHONG。DUIYUZAIDUANNAIHOU7TIANHUOGENGZHANGSHIJIANZHIHOUCAIFAQINGDEMUZHULAISHUO,YEYINGKAOLVZAIXIAYIGEFAQINGQIDUIQIJINXINGPEIZHONG。

  7、TAICI:YIBANLAISHUO,DITAICIMUZHUDEFENMIANLVJIAODI,TAICIFENBUKEYINGXIANGZHUQUNDEFENMIANLV(YINGYOU45%YISHANGDEMUZHUWEIDISANTAIZHIDIWUTAI)。YINCIMUZHUQUNYINGBAOCHIHELIDETAICIFENBU。

  8、JIYINXING:YICHUAN(CHUNZHONGHUOZAZHONG)HEJIYINXINGKEYINGXIANGFENMIANLV。BINGFEIGEZHONGJIYINXINGDEFENMIANLVDOUXIANGTONG。

  9、NEIFENMIGONGNENGWENLUAN:YOUSHIHOU,MUZHUDEJISUFENMIHUICHUXIANYUANYINBUMINGDEWENTI。

  (SAN)GUANLI

  1、MIRUTIANSHU:MIRUTIANSHUSHAOYU12TIAN,TONGCHANGHUIXIANZHUJIANGDIQIHOUDEFENMIANLV。MIRUTIANSHUWEI14-21TIAN,ZEDUIFENMIANLVDEYINGXIANGJIAOQING,BINGQIERUGUOMIRUQICAISHILIANGGAOYUMEITIAN5.5QIANKEZEFENMIANLVSUOSHOUDEYINGXIANGHUIQINGDEDUO。

  2、FANGSHE:ZAIGUANLILIANGHAODEQIANTIXIA,FANGSHE(GETIXIANWEILANSIYANGHUOQUNYANG)DUIFENMIANLVMEIYOUDUODADEYINGXIANG,DANXIANWEILANHUIYINGXIANGMUZHUDETIZHI,CONGERZAOCHENGMUZHUTAOTAILVTIGAO。

  3、WENDU/GUANGZHAO:MUZHUZAIGAOWEN(>30℃)HEZHANGGUANGZHAO(>16XIAOSHIGUANGZHAO)DEQINGKUANGXIAPEIZHONG,FENMIANLVHUIJIANGDI。

  4、YINGYANG:BIXUZUIDAXIANDUDITIGAOMIRUQIDECAISHILIANG。ZHEIYINULIBIXUCONGTIGAORENSHENHOUQIDECAISHILIANGKAISHI,BINGQIEBIXUJINKENENGSHIMUZHUZAIGANGYIFENMIANHOUJIULIKENENGCHONGFENCAISHI(ZIYOUCAISHI)。YAOTIGAOMIRUQICAISHILIANG,JIUBIXUYANGEKONGZHIMUZHUFENMIANSHIDEBEIBIAOHOU(FENMIANSHIP2BEIBIAOHOUYINGDAYU20HAOMI),DUISHIYUCHADEMUZHUYINGMEITIANSIWEISANCI,DUIYUSHIYUCHADEHUOZHEBURUZIZHUDUODEMUZHUYINGJINXINGSHIWEI,YINGSHICHANFANGQIWENBAOCHIDIYU20SHESHIDU,YINGCHONGFENGONGYINGYOUZHIYINSHUI,RILIANGYINGPINGHENGQUANJIA。ZAIDUANNAIQIAN4TIANJIANG4TOUHUO5TOUZUIDADEZIZHUXIANXINGDUANNAI,DUIYURENHETIKUANGCHADEMUZHUHUOBURUZIZHUDUODEMUZHUHUIYOUBANGZHU。

  5、PEIZHONGZHILIANG:YINGGAIYONGYITOUJIEZHALESHUJINGGUANDECHENGSHUGONGZHUMEITIANLIANGCIJINXINGFAQINGJIANCHA。FAQINGKEKAISHIYUYITIANZHONGDERENHESHIJIAN,DANDAYUE60%DEFAQINGKAISHIYUXIAWU4SHIDAOZAOCHEN6SHIZHIJIAN。DUIYUZHEIXIEMUZHULAISHUO,ZAISHANGWUJIANCHADAOTAMENFAQINGDESHIHOU,TAMENDEFAQINGKENENGYIJINGKAISHILEYOU10GEXIAOSHILE。DUISHANGWUJIANCHADAOFAQINGDEMUZHU,ZECHANGGUICAIYONGXIAWU-SHANGWUPEIZHONGFANGAN;DUIYUZAIXIAWUJIANCHADAOFAQINGDEMUZHU,ZECHANGGUICAIYONGSHANGWU-SHANGWUPEIZHONGFANGAN。

  ZONGZHI,YINGXIANGMUZHUFENMIANLVDEYINSUJIAODUO,DANRUGUONENGGOURENZHENFENXISHENGCHANQINGKUANG,FENMIANLVDIDEZHUQUNTONGGUOCAIQUQIESHIDECUOSHIHEJIJIDENULIKEYIBIANCHENGFENMIANLVGAODEZHUQUN。MOUZHONGZHUCHANGMUZHUFENMIANLVCENGJINGZAIHENZHANGSHIJIANNEIPAIHUAIZAI70%SHANGXIA,DANSHITAMENTONGGUODUIYISHANGYINSUDEFENXI,ZAIFAQINGGUANCHA、GONGZHUJINGYEJIANCHA、RENGONGSHOUJINGDENGDUOFANGMIANZUOLEDALIANGDERENZHENZIXIDEGONGZUO,JIEGUOZAIYINIANNEIBAMUZHUFENMIANLVTIGAODAOLE85%,BINGBAOCHILEZHEIYICHENGJI。SUOYI,RENZHENDIFENXIHEZHENDUANSHENGCHANWENTI,TICHUKEXINGDEJIEJUECUOSHI,BIJIANGDUIYANGZHUSHENGCHANDAILAIJUDADEJINBU

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